Department of Chemistry, Krishnath College

         History Of The Dept Of Chemistry 

*Before introduction of the new regulation(1905) for the programme B.A. both Physics and chemistry were taught. *Affilition up to the intermediate standard in Mathematics,Chemistry,Physics,obtained on 14/09/1907. *Affiliation was extended to Math(Pass&Hons.),Physics & Chemistry(Pass) up to B.Sc standard on 12/06/1909. * Hons. Affiliation in Chemistry & Physics was obtained in the same year,after inspection of Mr.Bruhl.

                   Founder & History of Our College

 

 

 

The history of Krishnath College is a part of the history of Western education in Bengal and, in a wider sense, forms a chapter in the history of social and cultural progress of Bengal in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Long before 1853, the year of the birth of this institution, the objective conditions were ready for the foundation of a College at Berhampore for imparting Western education. During the thirties and forties of the last century the people of Murshidabad felt the impulse of the Renaissance which had its start in Calcutta with the foundation of the Hindu College in 1817. For two decades the idea of Western education had struck root; attempts and experiments had been made; but the aspirations of the people remained unrealised. When at last, in 1853, a College was founded at Berhampore, it was not a day too soon. One wonders if such an institution had been started in the thirties, how different would have been the social and political life of Murshidabad!

Raja Krishnath Ray of Kasimbazar, with whose name our College has been associated since 1902, was an outstar’ding personality of his age. His brief career (1822-44) was compact with ideas and events; its significance is to be measured not by its actual achievement but by the boldness of his vision and designs which shaped themselves into reality long after him. He was thoroughly imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance—a deep quest for knowledge, a flair for new ideas and experiments, an intense attachment to what is rational and rejection of old dogma and superstitions. He was a man of originality and “endowed with some qualities not commonly to be found among his countrymen.” He believed that enthusiastic acceptance of Western learning and sciences was the only way of liberation for his countrymen William Stephen Lambrick, Raja Digambar Mitra and, after the removal of the latter, Shibaprasad, a scholar of Hindu College, were his tutors. These teachers, particularly the first two, were responsible for infusing into his mind the spirit of liberalism. He loved English manners, mixed freely with Europeans, could speak English fluently and arthe same time write it with ease. At the age of 16 he studied under Lambrick English language, history of England and India, Geometry of Euclid, and Geography with the help of a globe. What is perhaps more remarkable is that he studied Chemistry and delighted in experiments with the help of a ‘test chest’ in possession of Lambrick. But he was not contented with this. As Lambrick said in his report on the progress of his pupil26 “He is desirous of possessing a telescope and no less a one will satisfy him than Herschel’s grand one. This I fear is out of question at present though I think it would be well to furnish him with, the best procurable in Calcutta and he has made a request to this effect in a letter lately written by him in English to the Sudder Board”.